The LowRider2 CNC

The LowRider2 CNC is my revised version of a CNC router that can handle full sheet material! Of course you can go smaller. If the MPCNC is not big enough for you this picks up where that left off.

Instructions to follow!

Thingiverse Link

This CNC router can handle any length (within reason), the Y direction is only bound by your table length.

Width (X direction on rails) should always be the shorter axis.

The Z direction (height) is best kept to a 3-4″ maximum for wood, with that being said, you can make the usable z length as much as you want you will be working from the bottom up, so go to town.

Calculator for table, rail, and belt lengths in inches.

Calculator for table, rail, and belt lengths in Millimeters.

Assembly

All quantities shown in the drawings are for each assembly, not total quantities.

Center Assembly
Center Assembly

When setting the tension for the X Mounts after attaching them to the plate set the tension for each mount individually. An easy way is to use the Z rail and run it through each one, very light tension, you might not even need to add any, the mounts are interference fit.

Z Assemblies
Z Assembly

This is how these couplers should be used. The coupler should not be compressed, if anything a little stretch to make sure the lead screw is in contact with the stepper shaft. This prevents bouncing. The lead screw should be only inserted as far as the coupler bottom collar. This lets the stepper shaft and lead screw to move for any minor misalignment.

Seat the grub screws on the shaft trying to get the straightest connection possible. If you hit an edge it will get wonky just give it a little turn and try again. On the stepper shaft tighten the flat screw first then the one that hits the round surface.

Sides
Z Assembly
Belt Ends
Z Assembly

Why?

The cable_tie_insert was made to eliminate the flex and bounce of the cable tie and belt connection. This will help keep a reasonable arc in the cable tie at the belt end provided you use the clasp end as shown and the belt flat. This should eliminate cable tie/belt flex on a properly tensioned belt and the tension should stay true longer.

The other end of the cable tie connection is rounded internally on all printed parts with a similar arc.

Using a few segments of the belt itself when securing the end ensures a better connection on the belts teeth. 3-4 teeth facing teeth up will make for a more round surface of the cable tie that secures the folded belt. This will prevent a wide belt from cupping and slipping teeth.

Table

Use the dimensions from the calculator, make it as flat and square as you can. The edges guide the machine so those are important. I used some 2″x3″ and 1/2″ particle board on top.

The X direction is more important to get flat than the Y direction, so build accordingly. Usually this means solid supports in The X direction. If you can picture it the machine and material can follow a subtle curve down the length much more so than the width.

Ideal table thickness is 4″ or less.

Firmware

The standard MPCNC firmware will work with any board on the LowRider2. Dual endstop firmware is not really needed since all three axis have hard stops you can use for alignment.

Firmware page.

For the creative of you, you could use the dual end stop firmware for Y alignment or even Z (homing min or max).

Getting Started

Using the machine.

1)Square it up. After mounting your work piece (making sure the mounting hardware is not going to interfere) I check to make sure the sides (Assemblies with the wheels on them) are the same distance from the nearest end. You can do this by making sure the wheels are hitting the stop blocks/belt mounts.

2)  Double check. You only need to do this the first few times until you understand the machine. Use the LCD to control the machine. Lift the gantry high enough as to not drag the bit across your material. Drive the machine the entire length of what you will be cutting. This is to make sure the machine does not hit the table and you are parallel with it. Another way to do this is include an outline in your design and use it as your fist tool path above your material. This is to make sure nothing binds or hits.

3) Set your starting position. Use the lcd to position the bit at your zero position in all three axis.

4) Beginning gcode. If you use the Fusion 360 post processor this is done for you but make sure your beginning gcode resets all your axis to 0,0,0, you can use this command, G92 X0 Y0 Z0.

5) Ending gcode. What should happen is your job ends above your last position, meaning your bit should not drag across the surface if you move it. With the bit above the last position, telling the machine to go back to the starting position will return the machine to where you started it and then making sure the steppers do not turn off is a good idea as the LowRider will drop under it’s own weight. The last few lines of your gcode should look like this.

G1 Z7 F400 (this is my clearance plane and is already in my gcode)
G1 X0 Y0 F2100 (I add this to have the machine drive its self back to the start)

At this point you can use the lcd to move the machine clear of your material and lower it, then power off.

Or, if you leave a little room you can drive past your starting point and lower automatically.

G1 Z7 F400 (already there)
G1 X-15 Y-15 F2100 (drive 15mm past your start)
G1 Z0 F400 (Lower the machine)
M84; Turn steppers off

 

The previous version———

The LowRider CNC

The LowRider CNC is my answer to you that want a full 4’x8′ sheet router, or of course you can go smaller. If the MPCNC is not big enough for you this picks up where that left off.

Size Calculator

This CNC router can handle any length, the Y direction is only bound by your table length.

 

Width (X direction) seems to be just about maxed out at a little over 4′ using .065″ thick stainless X rails. I see no reason to push it further if you try it out let us know how it goes and why you did it.

The Z direction (height) is best kept to a 3″ maximum for wood, with that being said, you can make the usable z length as much as you want you will be working from the bottom up, so go to town.

Feel free to round up to whole numbers.

Inch Calculator

Millimeter

Assembly

All quantities shown in the drawings are for each assembly, not total quantities.

Center Assembly
Center Assembly
Y Rollers
611 Plate
Y Motor Assembly
Carriage Assembly
Z Assembly
Z Assembly
Z Mount
XZ Final
Corner X
Side Assembly
Side Assembly
Y Motor Assm
Wheel Assm
Z Lead Nut Assm
Side 1
Y Plate Cover